Legislative changes to VAT 2021
The current laws and regulations for the e-commerce sector, i.e. online shops, is incredibly complicated for entrepreneurs. This is one of the reasons why local governments miss out on VAT revenue. In order to improve the current system, the rules for the e-commerce sector will undergo drastic changes.
New VAT rules for the e-commerce sector as of 2021
The main changes for e-commerce supplies will take effect as of 1 July 2021. Originally this date was scheduled to be 1 January 2021. However, due to measures surrounding the corona virus and the practical application thereof, the European Commission proposed postponing implementation by 6 months. More time was needed for the preparations. This proposal was accepted by the European Union Council of Ministers on 22 July 2020. The current regulations will therefore remain in force and will change as of 1 July 2021.
2021: Changes for e-commerce supplies within the European Union (EU)
For entrepreneurs with e-commerce supplies of goods within the EU, the following (amongst other things) will change:
- The current distance selling scheme will change. Currently, an entrepreneur who sells goods to consumers in other EU countries is often liable for VAT in the country where the transport of the goods starts. This is the case if an entrepreneur does not exceed a certain turnover threshold (e.g. the Netherlands has a turnover threshold of € 100.000 per year). As of 1 July 2021 the old turnover threshold will no longer apply and the entrepreneur will in principle incur VAT in the EU country where the transport ends.
- For small e-commerce entrepreneurs a new turnover threshold of € 10.000 per year will be introduced. These entrepreneurs charge the VAT of the EU country where the transport of the goods initiates. This applies if they remain below the threshold and are established in only one EU country.
- Entrepreneurs may file one special VAT return for their cross-border distance sales in the EU country in which they are established. Entrepreneurs who use this so-called ‘One Stop Shop’ return are no longer required to file separate VAT returns in the EU countries where the distance sales are subject to VAT. Specific conditions for the use of the One Stop Shop apply.
2021: Changes for e-commerce supplies from countries outside of the EU
More and more e-commerce entrepreneurs supply goods from countries outside of the EU. For these entrepreneurs, the following (amongst other things) will change as of 1 July 2021:
- Low-value consignments sent from countries outside of the EU to customers within the EU are currently not yet subject to import VAT. This VAT exemption for import of small consignments, currently applicable to packages with a value up to € 23, will end as of 1 July 2021. From that moment onwards, the import of small consignments is therefore also subject to import VAT.
- Entrepreneurs who supply goods from countries outside of the EU, can under certain conditions use a special scheme. In that case, they will only need to file a VAT return in one single EU country, for their distance sales from countries outside of the EU. This Import One Stop Shop (IOSS) scheme only applies for consignments with an intrinsic value not exceeding € 150. An entrepreneur who uses IOSS can apply a VAT exemption to the import of the goods, if certain conditions are met.
- A special scheme for the levy of VAT upon import will be introduced for cases where the IOSS is not used. Certain entrepreneurs -mainly postal operators, couriers and customs agents- can in that case collect the import VAT from the person for whom the goods are intended, and then report and pay the import VAT on a monthly basis, by means of an electronic return. This prevents them from having to pay the import VAT immediately ‘at the border’. The scheme is subject to a number of conditions and in any case only applies to consignments with an intrinsic value not exceeding € 150.
Other changes to the VAT system
In addition to the points discussed above, and the four so-called Quick Fixes which entered into force as of 1 January 2020, the European legislator wants to drastically change the intra-Community trading system in a number of other areas. However, those plans have not yet been definitely approved.
Consequences for your business
If your business is involved in (cross-border) trade or e-commerce, there is a good chance that the new VAT rules will affect your business. We expect that many entrepreneurs will have to adjust their ERP systems and operational processes (e.g. administration, invoicing); for example to account for the changed turnover thresholds and reporting possibilities. On the other hand, the expansion of the One Stop Shop offers opportunities to simplify the handling of the VAT payments.